What is asthma?

Asthma is a common lung condition that causes occasional breathing difficulties.

It’s estimated that 300 million people worldwide suffer from it. It is a chronic lung condition characterised by recurrent breathing problems. Sufferers experience symptoms such as breathlessness, wheezing, chest tightness, and coughing.

Our airways carry air in and out of your lungs. If you have asthma, they are very sensitive. Certain things can trigger the muscles around your airways to tighten, making them narrower. The airway lining also becomes inflamed causing a build-up of sputum. This makes them even narrower still. With narrow airways, it’s harder to get air in and out of your lungs1.

It affects people of all ages and often starts in childhood, although it can also develop for the first time in adults.

There’s currently no cure. However, there are simple treatments that can help keep the symptoms under control so it doesn’t have a big impact on your life 2.

What Causes Asthma at Night?

It is common for people with asthma to find coughing, wheezing and breathlessness can wake them up at night. But what causes asthma to flare up at night? Why asthma can wake you up at night If you haven't got your asthma under control, you’re more likely...

Signs you have Asthma

Asthma symptoms can vary from person to person but what are the signs you have asthma? You may not experience asthma attacks often, or maybe your symptoms flare up at certain times or you may have symptoms all the time. Asthma signs and...

How is Asthma treated?

There are lots of treatments available to help you with your asthma. How asthma is treated can vary based on age and lifestyle factors. Different treatment pathways are recommended for adults (aged 17 and over), for children aged 5-16, and for...

What causes Asthma?

What Causes Asthma? It isn’t clear why some people develop asthma and others don’t. There are a variety of environmental and genetic (inherited) factors that play a role in you developing the condition. Asthma triggers Some common asthma triggers are; Exposure to...

Footnotes

  1. https://www.blf.org.uk/support-for-you/asthma/what-is-asthma
  2. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/asthma/

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