An Introduction to Eczema

An Introduction to Eczema

What is Atopic Eczema?

Atopic eczema, is the most common form of Eczema which is a skin condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked.

Atopic eczema is more common in children, often developing before their first birthday. However, it may also develop for the first time in adults. It’s usually a long-term condition, although it can improve significantly, or even clear completely, in some children as they get older.

Atopic eczema is thought to be caused by a weakness in the skin barrier. This makes it more susceptible to inflammation and allows allergens and bacteria to have contact with the immune system.

What types of Eczema are there?

  1. Atopic eczema can affect any part of the body; however, it is most commonly found on the knees, elbows, neck, scalp, hands and face. The majority of eczema sufferers have atopic eczema, which is the most severe type of eczema and usually starts in childhood.
  2. Dyshidrotic eczema, (also known as pompholyx eczema) The symptoms of this type of eczema are itchy watery blisters on the hands and feet. Sufferers also experience a burning and prickling sensation on the palms of their hands and soles of their feet. This type of eczema is more common in adults over the age of 40 years old. It’s also more common among people who tend to have their hands and feet emerged in water a lot, or those who come in contact with chromium, cobalt, or nickel.
  3. Nummular eczema refers to the coin-shaped spots on the skin, this is also called discoid eczema because the scaly patches look like discs. The cause of this type of eczema is still unknown.

Each different type of eczema can range in severity and can clear up only to reappear again in the future. Eczema can affect your quality of life and it also has an effect on sleep patterns. This can make sufferers feel irritable and frustrated but with good management of symptoms this problem can be alleviated.

If you suspect you may have Eczema consult your doctor or find out more here.

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